A lab project report on the aldol dehydration chemistry using unknown aldehydes and ketones

The protocol for finding a recrstallization solvent is in section Figure 1 shows the structure of an aldehyde. Add the NaOH solution and start your reaction. If you get an oil, do NOT attempt to filter it.

The Iodoform reaction would have a positive result if there is a pale yellow precipitate. Before purifying your crude product by recrystallization, you need to find a suitable solvent.

Used filter paper should be rinsed with acetone, allowed to dry, and disposed of with other solid waste. Review recrystallization Chapter 15especially selecting a recrystallizing solvent, and including mixed-solvent recrytallization.

Cool the flask to room temperature. If it came premeasured in a tube, add all of it to the ketone in the flask, use some or all of the 4. This oxidation is very rapid and exothermic with high yields.

Lab Report-Determining Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones

If the solution is only cloudy, or very little precipitate has formed after 15 min, heat the reaction mixture in a hot water bath for min. In ketones however, two alkyl groups are attached to the carbonyl carbon. Heat for 5 minutes in a boiling water bath if the test is negative and re-observe.

Used plastic pipets should be emptied and disposed of with other solid waste. What was your unknown aldehyde and ketone? The data should be presented as an ordered numbered list. They can only however be oxidized using powerful oxidizing agents Wenn, Using the ketone and aldehyde that you were assigned, show the mechanism for their reaction using ChemBioDraw.

This discussion should identify aldehydes by name. You may get 0. Reconnect the vacuum hose and draw the liquid from the product. Chill these graduated cylinders in your ice-water bath.

Write the mechanism for the reaction between the the aldehyde and ketone that you used. Questions to ponder… 1. Or, the stockroom may prepare it. Please give your unknown number and letter for your aldehyde and ketone.

Explain how you could quickly distinguish between the following double aldol condensation products by using proton NMR: Try running a TLC using dichloromethane as the eluant. Then cool the flask to room temperature. Include data to support your statements and give proof that the other aldehydes and ketones could not give your product.

What are the approx. Since this is a preparation lab you must have a reaction equation with structures in your notebook. At that point, if you have a signficant yield of crystals and no more seem to be forming over time, you are done. Creation of Aldol Condensation Product: Iodoform Reaction The samples used were acetone, cyclohexanone, benzaldehyde, ethanol, methanol, isopropanol and an unknown A.

Reconnect the vacuum hose and draw the liquid from the product. Yield of recrystallized product, g: Stir the reaction mixture at room temperature for 15 minutes. College of Science University of the Philippines Baguio Abstract The objective of this experiment is to distinguish and qualitatively analyse aldehydes and ketones through various tests.

Remove a small amount of your material and check the suitability of various solvents. Small Aldehydes and Ketones are easily dissolved in water but as the chain increases in length, its solubility decreases.

However, they behave differently because of the difference in the groups attached to their carbonyl carbons Razote, Pre-Lab (25 pts): For your pre-lab, answer the following questions in your lab notebook and turn a copy in to your TA at the beginning of lab.

Pick one of the ketones and one of the aldehydes shown below and write the overall reaction for formation of the aldol product that will be occurring in this week's lab.

Pick one of the ketones and one of the aldehydes shown below and write the overall reaction for formation of the aldol product that will be occurring in this week's lab. For the reaction you wrote in question 1, draw a complete electronic mechanism for formation of the product.

ORGANIC SYNTHESIS: ALDOL CONDENSATION REACTION TECHNIQUES REQUIRED: Filtration different aldehydes and ketones together with some degree of control is what gives this process its synthetic value.

1. Organic Chemistry On-Line Learning Center Chapter 18. Use a 1-mL syringe connected to a Pasteur pipet (Figurepage of Techniques book, 4th ed.) to measure mL of the ketone and then weigh it (tare flask, put ketone in, reweigh).

Aldehydes & Ketones

You may get mL of the unknown aldehyde in a test tube, or you may need to measure it as you did for the ketone. Aldehydes & Ketones This Lab Report Aldehydes & Ketones and other 64,+ term papers, (Identification of an Unknown-Alcohols,Aldehydes and Ketones) Organic Chemistry Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones; Identification of Aldehydes and Ketones;/5(1).

The objectives of this experiment are to learn some of the chemistry of aldehydes and ketones and to use that knowledge to distinguish among some carbonyl compounds Record your results on the report sheet.

Clean the test tubes with 1 M nitric acid. Experiment #9 Identification of Aldehydes and Ketones Page 6 3. Iodoform Test – To each.

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A lab project report on the aldol dehydration chemistry using unknown aldehydes and ketones
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